New Mexico Facts

Capital: Santa Fe

State abbreviation/Postal code: N.M./NM

Governor: Susana Martinez, R (to Jan. 2015)

Lieut. Governor: John Sanchez, R (to Jan. 2015)

Senators: Tom Udall, D (to Jan. 2015); Martin Heinrich, D (to Jan. 2019)

U.S. Representatives: 3

Historical biographies of Congressional members

Secy. of State: Dianna J. Duran, R (to Jan. 2015)

Atty. General: Gary K. King, D (to Jan. 2015)

State Treasurer: James B. Lewis, D (to Jan. 2015)

Organized as territory: Sept. 9, 1850

Entered Union (rank): Jan. 6, 1912 (47)

Present constitution adopted: 1911

Motto: Crescit eundo (It grows as it goes)

Nickname: Land of Enchantment (1999)

Origin of name: From Mexico, “place of Mexitli,” an Aztec god or leader

10 largest cities (2010 est.): Albuquerque, 545,852; Las Cruces, 97,618; Santa Fe, 70,631; Rio Rancho, 67,947; Roswell , 48,366; Farmington, 45,877; Clovis, 37,775; Hobbs, 34,122; Alamogordo, 30,403; Carlsbad, 26,138

Land area: 121,356 sq mi. (314,312 sq km)

Geographic center: In Torrance Co., 12 mi. SSW of Willard

Number of counties: 33

Largest county by population and area: Bernalillo, 662,564 (2010); Catron, 6,928 sq mi.

State parks: 31

Residents: New Mexican

2010 resident population est.: 2,059,179

2010 resident census population (rank): 2,059,179 (36). Male: 1,017,421 (49.4%); Female: 1,041,758 (50.6%). White: 1,407,276 (68.4%); Black: 42,550 (2.1%); American Indian: 193,222 (9.4%); Asian: 28,208 (1.4%); Other race: 308,503 (15.0%); Two or more races: 77,010 (3.7%); Hispanic/Latino: 953,403 (46.3%). 2010 percent population 18 and over: 74.8; 65 and over: 13.2; median age: 36.7.

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